Jacquard, Joseph-Marie

(1752-1834)
   inventor
   Born in lyon, the son of a weaver, Joseph-Marie Jacquard developed the Jacquard loom, which enabled a single operator to weave complex patterns. The Jacquard loom began a technological revolution in the textile industry, and the system of punched cards used in its operation became a prototype for the first computers. Because the production of patterned fabrics was so costly, Jacquard, in 1790, began to design a loom that would weave patterns automatically. Finishing the project in 1801, Jacquard demonstrated his automatic loom in Paris and, in 1804, was awarded a patent and medal for his design. By 1812, an estimated 11,000 Jacquard looms were in use in France. By a system of hooks, needles, and perforated thick paper cards, intricate woven patterns could be created. Modern Jacquard looms are still in use and punched cards, similar to those used in Jacquard's loom, were soon applied to other machines, including early information-storage systems.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jacquard,Joseph Marie — Jac·quard (jăkʹärd , jə kärdʹ, zhä kärʹ), Joseph Marie. 1752 1834. French inventor of the jacquard loom (1801), the first automatic loom able to weave complex patterns. * * * …   Universalium

  • Jacquard, Joseph-Marie — born July 7, 1752, Lyon, Fr. died Aug. 7, 1834, Oullins French inventor. In 1801 he demonstrated an automatic loom incorporating revolutionary new technology; it was declared public property in 1806, and Jacquard was rewarded with a pension and a …   Universalium

  • Jacquard, Joseph-Marie — SUBJECT AREA: Textiles [br] b. 7 July 1752 Lyons, France d. 7 August 1834 Oullines, France [br] French developer of the apparatus named after him and used for selecting complicated patterns in weaving. [br] Jacquard was apprenticed at the age of… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Jacquard, Joseph-Marie — ► (1752 1834) Tejedor de seda francés. Inventó un dispositivo que permite la separación automática de los hilos de la urdimbre para dar paso a la trama, por complicados que sean los dibujos a tejer. Esta innovación contribuyó al progreso de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacquard, Joseph Marie —    A Frenchman who invented a loom attachment in 1804 that made it possible to weave complex figured patterns in cloth, his namesake …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacquard. Joseph Marie Jacquard …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Marie Jacquard — (* 7. Juli 1752 in Lyon; † 7. August 1834 in Oullins) war ein französischer Erfinder, der durch seine Weiterentwicklung des Webstuhls entscheidend zur industriellen Revolution beitrug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard — (eigentlich Joseph Marie Charles genannt Jacquard, * 7. Juli 1752 in Lyon; † 7. August 1834 in Oullins) war ein französischer Erfinder, der durch seine Weiterentwicklung des Webstuhls entscheidend zur industriellen Revolution beitrug. Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Marie Jacquard — Joseph Marie Jacquard. Joseph Marie Jacquard (n.Lyon, 7 de julio de 1752 m. Oullins, 7 de agosto de 1834) Fue un inventor francés conocido por automatizar, mediante el uso de tarjetas perforadas, el llamado telar de Jacquard. Hijo de un obrero… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Marie Jacquard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacquard. Joseph Marie Jacquard Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

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